What to put in a child's eyes when he has a runny nose

A runny nose is an inflammatory process that affects the mucous membrane of the nasal sinuses. The appearance of a runny nose directly depends on the trigger mechanism, the stage of the disease and the factors that provoked it.

In the cold season, colds and runny nose occur in every second person. At the first signs of illness, you want to get rid of the unpleasant symptoms. There are many effective nasal medications to treat a runny nose, but eye drops have become especially popular recently.

It is recommended to use eye drops in the nose for thick green or yellow discharge. This coloration of the discharge indicates the appearance of pathogenic microorganisms in the sinuses. In this case, you need to use ophthalmic agents that have antibacterial, antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties.

When treating a runny nose with solutions intended for the eyes, the main emphasis is on their stimulation of other drugs aimed at fighting the infection. A runny nose of a bacterial nature is a consequence of a virus and, as a rule, the disease goes away within 3 days.

In this case, eye drops will be useless. They will help treat the mucous membrane locally, but will not remove the infection inside. The microflora of the eyes and nose is significantly different; they may only have in common the bacteria that caused the disease.

Eye drops in the nose for a runny nose are divided into several main groups. All of them are described in the table below.

Classification Peculiarities
VasoconstrictorsEffectively relieve swelling of the nasal mucosa. Edema appears due to increased blood supply to the site of inflammation. Narrowing the lumen reduces the severity of edema, relieves inflammation and congestion.
Anti-inflammatoryThey contain an antibiotic that has a detrimental effect on pathogenic microflora.
AntihistaminesThese drugs are histamine receptor blockers, so they help with allergic rhinitis.
Softening and nourishing mucous membranesThese drugs help soften the mucous membrane, have an oil base, which is considered healing, as well as a complex of vitamins that help improve the functioning of the immune system.

You can cure a runny nose in 2-3 days with drops containing an antiseptic or antibiotic. There are almost no similar solutions for the nose, which is why pediatricians prescribe eye drops for children.

Sulfacyl sodium - nasal drops: is it possible to drip, dosage, instructions

What to do if a child has bacterial rhinitis, but due to some contraindications, antibiotics cannot be used? In this case, doctors recommend sulfonamide drugs. Sulfacyl sodium is a local drug that has antimicrobial and antibactericidal properties. It is used to treat a wide range of infectious diseases that are caused mainly by gram-positive and gram-negative microorganisms, as well as intracellular parasites (chlamydia and toxoplasma). But in addition to their use in ophthalmology, experts prescribe eye drops in some cases for the treatment of diseases of the organs of smell. But only if the cause of the disease is bacteria.

Recommended antibacterial eye drops for children

Sulfacyl sodium eye drops (Albucid)

Used for inflammatory diseases caused by staphylococcal, streptococcal, gonococcal and chlamydial flora in children.

Albucid is instilled into the eyes of a child for bacterial conjunctivitis, as well as for bacterial and traumatic keratitis. This remedy can be used from birth.

If you drop drops into your eyes, a burning sensation occurs almost immediately, which goes away quite quickly.

The instillation regimen may vary. In severe cases, albucid is instilled frequently, almost hourly, or once every 2 hours for 10 days.

It is recommended to change Albucid to another antibacterial agent if the patient’s condition begins to worsen.


Eye drops, the antibacterial effect of which is possible due to the main component - tobramycin (macrolide).

Tobrex eye drops are used for newborns from the first hours, preventing gonococcal infection. In this case, 1 drop of the drug is dripped once into each eye.

Recommended regimen for the treatment of purulent conjunctivitis, keratitis and blepharitis: drop a drop into the eyes every 2 hours for 7 days.

The frequency of administration, as well as the replacement of the drug, is controlled by an ophthalmologist.

Levomycetin – 0.25% eye drops

Levomycetin drops are a successful combination that combines both chloramphenicol and orthoboric acid.

Its use is recommended in the treatment of bacterial conjunctivitis, keratitis, dacryocystitis, and barley.

The instructions for use of the drug indicate that these drops can be instilled into a child only when he reaches the age of 2 years.

In newborns, chloramphenicol can be used only in cases where there are no alternative options, when this is the only chance to preserve the organ of vision and visual functions.

Levomycetin is instilled drop by drop into the inflamed eye every 3 - 4 hours for 14 days. Peculiarities of administration should be discussed with an ophthalmologist in order to monitor the occurrence of side effects.

Levomycetin has side effects, manifested by hematopoietic disorders (leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, aplastic anemia), allergic reactions. In case of overdose, impaired renal function is noted.

Levomycetin is not a harmless drug, do not start using it yourself. Before use, consult an ophthalmologist.


A drug containing the fluoroquinolone ciprofloxacin.

It is mainly used in children for advanced inflammatory processes of a bacterial nature or for severe infections. Tsiprolet is allowed to be used by children over 1 year of age. It is necessary to adhere to the application regimen: drop into the affected eye up to 6 times a day for 10 days.

Tsiprolet should be used after consultation with an ophthalmologist.

Early cessation of use leads to the formation of special bacteria resistant to drugs of this series. As a result, the process becomes chronic.

Tsiprolet is not used for diseases of viral etiology that are not complicated by a bacterial component, since the condition may worsen due to inhibition of the eye’s own microflora and the addition of an infection.

Tsiprolet contains components to which allergic reactions may develop.


A drug that has an antiseptic effect, allowing it to be considered both as antiviral drops and as a weak antibacterial and antifungal agent.

Due to its ability to influence bacterial, viral and fungal nature, Vitabact should be used in severe cases in combination with powerful antibacterial drugs.

Remember that the drug has a weak antimicrobial effect compared to antibacterial drugs, so its use as the main remedy for purulent processes may have undesirable consequences.

Vitabact is used drop by drop every 2 hours for 14 days under the supervision of an ophthalmologist.

Vitabact has a number of side effects, mainly due to allergies to the components. Before instillation, Vitabact should be slightly warmed in your hand so that the bottle and its contents reach body temperature.

Sulfacyl sodium eye drops - description of the drug

Eye drops in medical practice are used quite effectively to eliminate inflammatory processes. But only if the microorganisms that cause the disease are sensitive to the active substance sulfacetamide.

Sulfacyl sodium belongs to the group of sulfonamides (streptocide, norsulfazole and others from the same category). Drugs that were previously used to treat and prevent wound infections. They were administered orally as injections, intravenously. The pharmaceutical industry produced a product in the form of a powder for powdering wounds. And in the form of tablets for internal use. Sulfonamides were discovered at the beginning of the 20th century.

Sodium sulfacyl is produced by the pharmacological industry in various pharmaceutical forms. It can be:

  • Bottles in cardboard packaging;
  • Dropper bottles in a cardboard box;
  • Dropper tubes in cardboard packaging;
  • Ointment for external use (tubes of 10 grams);
  • Sterile solutions, both for intramuscular and intravenous administration (ampoules);
  • Powder.

The containers have different amounts of medicine - 5 ml, 10 ml. In dropper tubes the dose of medicine is 1.5 ml. They are packaged in two tubes in a cardboard box, which also contains instructions for use.

Albucid in the nose of children

Albucid (sodium sulfacyl or sulfacetamide) is a drug in the form of drops intended to destroy pathogens and bacteria. The main focus of these drops is the treatment of eye diseases of infectious etymology, but pediatricians often recommend dripping albucid into the nose of children. The appointment of a specialist raises questions: is it possible to give albucid to children? How effective is Albucid for runny nose in children?

Action of albucid

Albucid is an antibiotic. The action of the drug is aimed at creating disruptions in the processes of building amino acids in bacterial cells. This helps stop the proliferation of pathogenic organisms. The medicine has a wide range of effects: against streptococci, staphylococci, chlamydia, toxoplasma, etc.

Albucid forms

Previously, along with drop forms of sulfacyl, the pharmaceutical industry produced injection solutions and ointments. Currently, 20% Albucid drops are produced for children and 30% drops for adults.

Indications for use of albucid

As noted above, albucid is intended mainly for the treatment of eye diseases: conjunctivitis, blepharitis and other purulent eye lesions. Pediatricians often advise using albucid in the nose, primarily for newborns, if a runny nose is a symptom of a bacterial infection. For teething and allergic rhinitis, the drug does not have any therapeutic effect. Therefore, before giving albucid to children under one year of age, you need to make sure that nasal discharge is not a reaction of the child’s body to “teeth.” When there is an infection, nasal discharge is greenish in color, as opposed to the light, almost clear mucus characteristic of teething and allergies.

Contraindications for use

The dose of the active substance in a single dose is quite small, and due to its low absorption into the blood, sulfacyl drops can be used in the treatment of children of any age. The most important contraindication for the use of albucid is hypersensitivity to drugs from the sulfonamide group. Also, the product should not be used by persons with renal failure. It is not recommended to use sulfacyl simultaneously with drugs containing silver.

How to drip Albucid into the nose?

Considering that the drug has an irritating effect, the dosage must be observed. Before dripping albucid into the nose of infants, it is advisable to dilute it with boiled water in a 1:1 ratio. 1-2 drops of the product are dripped into each nostril 3-4 times a day. If the baby behaves restlessly during the procedure and turns its head, experienced mothers advise generously moistening a cotton swab and gently wiping the nose, while giving the baby’s head a slightly tilted position. Sometimes the child reacts sharply to the administration of the drug. Indeed, even an adult, having dripped albucid into his nose, feels an unpleasant burning sensation in the mucous membrane

nose Don't let this reaction scare you! Moreover, by using drops, you ensure that the drug gets directly into the habitat of microbes, and protect your baby from taking antibiotics internally.

In order to decide on the use of albucid in the treatment of colds in a child, especially a newborn, we advise you to consult a doctor who will decide which medicine is best to prescribe for your baby so that the treatment process is quick and effective. Moreover, the pharmaceutical industry is constantly developing and creating new drugs.


Pharmacological action and group

Drugs used in ophthalmology. Sulfonamides (Sulfacetamide).

Available without a prescription.

Antimicrobial agent for local use only. It acts bacteriostatically against the majority of both gram-positive and gram-negative microorganisms, having a fairly wide spectrum of action.

Thanks to local application, it can penetrate into the fluid of the eye, where it counteracts harmful microorganisms, but at the same time almost does not enter the general bloodstream.

Indications and contraindications for use

Infectious and inflammatory eye diseases:

  • Purulent ulcer of the cornea (the source is often purulent dacryocystitis);
  • Panophthalmitis (infected with pneumococci, streptococci);
  • Conjunctivitis;
  • Blepharitis (inflammation of the edges of the eyelid);
  • Keratitis (inflammation of the cornea, the presence of infiltrates in it);
  • It is successfully used for the prevention of blenorrhea (gonococcal conjunctivitis. Causative agent - Neisser's gonococcus) in newborns.

Intramuscular administration is prescribed for the treatment of urinary tract infections and other diseases of the genitourinary system.

Streptoderma and staphyloderma are treated with the drug. Also used to treat infected wounds.

Used to treat rhinitis if the cause of the disease is pathogens that are sensitive to drugs of the sulfonamide group. This is a good alternative to antibiotic treatment for rhinitis of bacteriological etiology.

In this regard, doctors began to prescribe sodium sulfacyl for the treatment of a runny nose. But this is only if the runny nose is bacterial. And the fact that it is bacteria that cause rhinitis (sinusitis) will be indicated by characteristic symptoms - yellowish-green mucus is released from the nose.

Also read about how to treat runny noses in children using thuja oil at the link. It is also effective in treating adenoiditis.

Now, if you put drops in your nose, following the doctor’s advice, there will be a noticeable relief in the breathing process, and there will be much less discharge. How to treat sinusitis in children is described in this material.

Use of sulfacyl sodium for other purposes is possible only with the permission of the attending physician.

Before instilling the drug into the nose, you must:

  • Rinse the nasal passages with saline or saline solution. If you don’t have a ready-made sterile one, you can boil water and make it yourself. To do this, per liter of warm boiled water you will need two level teaspoons of sea or simple kitchen salt;
  • The solution should be filtered before use;
  • Instill vasoconstrictor drugs - Tizin, Galazolin;
  • Drop sodium sulfacyl into the nasal passages. First in one nostril, and then, without getting up from your seat and turning your head to the side, into the second.

Be prepared for the fact that the drug may cause a slight burning sensation in the nasal mucosa.

Before use, you need to screw the cap all the way so that its spike makes a hole through which you can then drip liquid. Hold the bottle in your hands for a short time so that the temperature of the solution is closer to normal human body temperature. More often, sodium sulfacyl for a runny nose is prescribed by pediatricians for children under six months, 1 drop three times a day in each nostril for 7 days.

Drop two drops into each nostril three times a day for adults and children over twelve years of age. The final step will be to instill moisturizing drops or ointments into the nose so that the nasal mucosa does not dry out. This is especially true for children.

If the dropper tube has been opened, the medicine cannot be used after 28 days of storage in the refrigerator.

Contraindications for use:

  • Intolerance to sulfonamides;
  • The drugs Anestezin and Novocain reduce the effectiveness of sodium sulfacyl;
  • It is not advisable to use during pregnancy or lactation.

How to cure a runny nose during pregnancy is described in this article.

In rare cases, when instilling sodium sulfacyl into the nose, slight redness, slight swelling, and itching may be observed.

Is it possible to use drops for a runny nose during pregnancy?

There is not enough information about the presence of the active substance sodium sulfacyl in breast milk, so the attending physician must decide whether to use the drug or not, after weighing the pros and cons.

Dosage of the drug for small children and infants - instructions for use

Sulfacyl sodium can be instilled into the eyes of infants as a prophylactic against blenorrhea (a type of conjunctivitis in newborns. Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eye, characterized by profuse suppuration).

The drug is quite effective in treating infectious eye diseases in slightly older children.

It is also an effective remedy against runny nose (rhinitis) and even inflammatory processes in the ear. Typically, sodium sulfacyl is prescribed to children over one year old if they have a stuffy nose and a severe runny nose, 1 drop in each nostril at least three times a day for 7 days. From the age of six, with the same dose of undiluted drug (20% concentration) - 1-2 drops in the nostril. The instillation procedure is carried out four times a day. For newborn babies, a 20% solution is diluted with boiled water at a rate of 1:1. Features of using Snoop Spray are described here.

The drug is completely ineffective for rhinitis of allergic origin.

When and why is the drug “Sodium Sulfacyl” dripped into the nose of children?

The drug "Sodium Sulfacyl" refers to sulfonamide drugs and has an antibacterial effect. Used to treat various eye diseases. It is also possible to prescribe the drug "Sodium Sulfacyl" into the nose of children.

How were sulfonamides discovered?

Sulfonamides were discovered in 1908 in Austria, but for 20 years their antimicrobial effects were unknown. In 1935, scientist G. Domagk discovered that the substance prontosil, entering the body of an animal, treats it from streptococcal infection. For this discovery, G. Domagk received the Nobel Prize. It was later discovered that the breakdown of prontosil in the body leads to the formation of sulfonamide, which kills bacteria. Soon, a large number of drugs were created based on this substance, including the drug “Sodium Sulfacyl”.

Properties of the drug

The drug "Sodium Sulfacyl" has antiseptic properties and belongs to the group of sulfonamides.

The diseases for which this medicine is used include conjunctivitis, purulent ulcer of the cornea, blepharitis and others. The product is highly effective against the growth of various bacteria.

Very often on various forums, in addition to exchanging opinions on the effectiveness of this drug, there are also questions like: “Please tell me, is it possible to use the drug “Sodium Sulfacyl” in the treatment of a runny nose? I purchased it, and only then read that these were eye drops. This is probably a mistake. Maybe I remembered the name incorrectly, is there anything similar for the nose?” Indeed, why do doctors prescribe eye drops to treat a runny nose? And why is it recommended to drip sodium sulfacyl into the nose of children?

Why is the drug "Sodium Sulfacyl" effective for a runny nose?

The action of this medication has a bacteriostatic basis. This is expressed in the fact that the drug prevents the proliferation of pathogenic microflora, and the body itself copes with the infection.

Thus, effective treatment with bacteriostatic drugs requires strong immunity and local infection. The mechanism of action of such drugs is that sulfonamides are chemically similar to the acid that microbes need for life. Due to this similarity, sulfonamides disrupt the life processes in bacteria.

According to the instructions, Sulfacyl Sodium drops are used to treat eye diseases, but there is often a situation when this drug is prescribed as nasal drops. This remedy will help if the disease is of bactericidal origin. A sign of such a runny nose is white and green mucous discharge from the nose. This process often occurs in young children, and mothers successfully treat their babies with these drops. It should be noted that reviews of the use of the drug “Sodium Sulfacyl” in the nose are often positive.

An emergency situation may also arise when mucous discharge from the nose becomes more and more abundant, and there are no other medicinal drugs in the house other than this remedy.

When using the medicine “Sodium Sulfacyl” (nasal drops), there may be unpleasant sensations, specifically a burning sensation, since the drug tends to dry out mucous secretions. The opened bottle should be used within a week, after which you need to purchase a new bottle of medicine.

The use of sodium sulfacyl for the treatment of runny nose in children

Before using the drops, the nose should be rinsed with water and a small amount of salt or using a special product. Then drip drops with a vasoconstrictor effect, and after a few minutes - two drops of the medicine “Sodium Sulfacyl” into one nostril. If a child’s snot appears against the background of an acute respiratory viral infection, then it is not recommended to use the medicine “Sodium Sulfacyl” in the nose of children. Treatment with this remedy will be effective if the bacteria that caused the runny nose are sensitive to albucid, the main component of these drops. Do not forget about precautions when using medications - you must use vasoconstrictor drops carefully, no more than three times a day and no longer than a week.

As a rule, the use of sodium sulfacyl drops when fighting a runny nose significantly reduces the amount of discharge, as a result of which it becomes easier for the baby to breathe. Doctors allow moderate instillation of the medicine “Sodium Sulfacyl” into the baby’s nose.

The decision to prescribe this drug for the treatment of a runny nose should be made only after examination by a doctor. Under no circumstances is it recommended to take medication without consulting a specialist. Self-medication is unacceptable, especially in relation to a child.

Release forms

Drops are available in bottles, dropper tubes and vials with a dropper. You need to purchase a form that is more convenient for instilling the drug “Sodium Sulfacyl” into the nose of children. If the bottle does not have a nozzle, then you will have to buy an additional pipette.

Contraindications to the use of sodium sulfacyl drops

The instructions for the drug include increased susceptibility to sulfonamides as a contraindication. When taken orally, allergic reactions and dyspeptic disorders (digestive disorders) are possible. Since Sulfacyl Sodium nasal drops along the nasal passage will, one way or another, end up in the throat and then in the stomach, the last point must be taken into account.


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