Side effects of electrophoresis with aminophylline for infants

What is the procedure

Electrophoresis is a method of influencing problem areas in order to deliver a drug to them.
For the procedure, a solution of aminophylline with a concentration of 2.4% is used, which is generously moistened with gauze or filter paper. A cloth moistened with the solution is applied to the problem area. Electrodes in the form of metal plates are pressed on top, through which alternating current is supplied.

The only thing the child can feel is a slight tingling sensation. The current strength is regulated using a special device and is selected taking into account the sensitivity of the patient.

Electrophoresis with aminophylline is used in children older than one month. If the child's age allows, he can be swaddled before the procedure to prevent the electrodes from moving. Older children are allowed to sit during the treatment if this position will not interfere with the attachment of the electrodes. The duration of one event is from 10 to 15 minutes. The course consists of 10 sessions.

Electrophoresis with aminophylline is used in children older than one month. If the child's age allows, he can be swaddled before the procedure to prevent the electrodes from moving. Older children are allowed to sit during the treatment if this position will not interfere with the attachment of the electrodes.

The duration of one event is from 10 to 15 minutes. The course consists of 10 sessions.

General principles

This non-invasive (non-damaging) method of drug administration works using a small electrical current. It is used for the treatment, rehabilitation and prevention of diseases of the nervous and musculoskeletal system. The method is painless and safe; the medicinal substance acts mainly on a specific part of the body.

What is it and how does it affect the baby’s body? The drug is applied to the pad, electrode or directly to the body. An electric current sets the ions of a substance in motion. They penetrate deep into the skin through the sweat and sebaceous ducts and travel through the lymph and bloodstream to damaged organs and tissues. The advantages of drug delivery are as follows:

  • The active substance enters directly into the affected tissue.
  • Minimal influence of chemical compounds on the body.
  • Reduced risk of side effects.
  • Reflex and immunostimulating effect of electric current.

The degree of tissue saturation with the drug depends on the concentration of the active substance, the current strength, the duration of the procedure, and the characteristics of the patient’s skin.

Instructions for use and side effects of electrophoresis with aminophylline for infants

If the equipment is used correctly and the dosage of medications is followed, there will be no harm to the baby. It is also necessary to exclude contraindications for undergoing this procedure.

On the contrary, electrophoresis makes the treatment more painless. This makes it possible to avoid painful injections for the baby, as well as to avoid possible complications as a result of oral use of medications.

Unfortunately, this manipulation is not always possible; there are clearly established contraindications. But more on that later.

Parents may be a little confused or even frightened by the behavior of babies under one year old during electrophoresis physiotherapy. Many children cry or even scream, demanding an end to such manipulation. This is an understandable reaction, because he may be scared.

In cases where there are clear indications, this procedure is in many ways preferable to treatment with tablets, since high doses of the drug do not enter the baby’s stomach. This helps reduce the load on the kidneys, liver and spleen. In addition, auxiliary components to which allergic reactions often occur do not enter the child’s body.

The above contraindications make the physiotherapeutic procedure of electrophoresis unacceptable.

Due to the small number of side effects, this physiotherapeutic procedure in pediatrics is very popular. It promotes rapid cure of many diseases even in the youngest patients.

An adult understands the essence of the procedure and why it is done, but with children everything is somewhat different. During the procedure, the baby just needs to lie down for about ten minutes, this probably becomes one of the important tasks. After all, there is no need to talk about painful sensations during the procedure.

The maximum that a child can feel is a slight tingling sensation. Due to the fact that the child cannot speak yet, it is much more difficult to determine what he does not like. In this regard, it is very important to monitor how he behaves after the procedure and, if there are any doubts regarding the effectiveness of the procedure, it is necessary to consult a doctor.

The use of aminophylline is based on its primary effect – increasing blood flow.

In infants, aminophylline is used by electrophoresis for:

  • joint dysplasia;
  • increased intracranial pressure;
  • insufficient cerebral circulation;
  • hypertonicity or hypotonicity of muscles.

For children under 3 years of age, the drug is prescribed for use in combination with electrophoresis to avoid systemic effects on the entire body. This procedure allows the drug to accumulate in certain areas without spreading or affecting other organs and tissues.

Eufillin injections are contraindicated for children under three years of age. However, from the age of three months, it is possible to use the medicine in this form according to strict indications and under the strict supervision of the attending physician. Since this is a fairly strong drug, it is used only in extreme cases in the form of tablets, injections and intravenous infusion in infants. Eufillin tablets can be taken only from 12 years of age.

When conducting an electrophoresis session, electrodes are usually applied to the part of the spine closest to the problem area. If there is a problem with the joints of the legs, electrodes are placed on the lumbar region. For hypotonicity or hypertonicity of the upper extremities - to the cervical one. When cerebral circulation decreases, electrodes are also applied to the cervical segment of the spine.

There is controversy about the effectiveness of the procedure. Some parents note a positive effect, after which motor and neurological problems went away. Others speak out about the uselessness of the procedure, that they did not notice the effect.

For most babies under the age of one year, pediatric neurologists prescribe a procedure such as electrophoresis. The most common drug used for this procedure at such an early age is aminophylline. Electrophoresis with this drug is done on both the cervical and sacral regions. It all depends on the problem that doctors and young parents want to eliminate.

The principle of action is to influence “problem” areas of the body with drugs that penetrate the skin under the influence of a small electric current.

The advantage of this procedure over injections and taking medications by oral method is that with this type of treatment, the baby’s delicate stomach and organs of the excretory system (liver, kidneys, etc.) do not suffer.

Many young mothers currently have a negative attitude towards any kind of medical intervention, but there are cases when electrophoresis is one of the safest and at the same time effective medical procedures.

Electrophoresis of the cervical spine with aminophylline in an infant is necessary for the following manifestations:

  • Increased intracranial pressure.
  • Decreased or increased tone of the arms or neck muscles.
  • Injury to the cervical spine during childbirth.
  • Muscle spasm of the upper spine.
  • Cerebral palsy.
  • To improve blood supply to the brain and shoulder region.

What to carry

An exact list of necessary things is given to parents during consultation with a physiotherapist. It usually includes:

  1. Regular paper napkins (to remove the remaining solution after the procedure).
  2. “thin” diaper (for fixing the electrodes).
  3. Disposable diaper (on which the baby can be placed).
  4. Water (if the baby is already fed).

As for clothing, for convenience, it is better to give preference to blouses and vests with buttons or snaps. This will allow you to quickly undress and dress your baby without causing him discomfort. It is also best to have a spare diaper, wet wipes and formula with you if your baby is bottle-fed.

And so that the baby can quietly “lie down” during the entire session, it doesn’t hurt to take with you a bright toy, a book with large illustrations, or any other item that evokes positive emotions in the baby.

Electrophoresis sessions are carried out in a special room where couches and the necessary equipment are installed.

No special preparation of the baby for the procedure is required, but it is best to choose a time for the session when the baby is not hungry, but more than 40 minutes have passed since the last feeding, as there is a risk of regurgitation.

The child is placed on his back, and electrodes covered with napkins soaked in aminophylline solution are applied to the neck and shoulder blades. For better fixation, the nurse swaddles the baby's upper body.

On average, the duration of a session is 5-12 minutes. The time limit depends on the age of the baby and the doctor’s prescriptions. The child should lie so that the applied electrodes do not “move” from the affected areas. To do this, gently hold the baby in the places where the electrodes are attached and make sure that he does not knock them over with his hands.

Is it painful for the baby?

During electrophoresis, the child does not feel any discomfort. The only circumstance that can cause a baby to cry #8212; These are wet and cold wipes on electrodes.

This is due to the fact that complex therapy is much more effective, and one drug is not always able to overcome the problem. The quantity and ratio of drugs is selected individually, according to the diagnosis by a physiotherapist.

Electrophoresis on the cervical spine can be performed at home. For this, a special device and a prescribed drug (several if necessary) are purchased. The drug solution is prepared immediately before the start of the session, according to the doctor’s prescription.

And then the principle is the same as in the clinic: moistened napkins or suitable pieces of gauze are applied to the electrodes, and they, in turn, are applied to the cervical region and the area of ​​the shoulder blades or cervical vertebrae.

But such a procedure must be carried out either by a qualified nurse or independently, after a detailed consultation in a physiotherapy room.


Of course, even such a gentle method has its contraindications. Doctors do not prescribe electrophoresis of any kind for children with the following indicators:

  • Any skin diseases, especially in the area where electrodes are applied.
  • Asthma during exacerbation.
  • Kidney diseases.
  • Problems with blood clotting.
  • Most heart diseases.
  • Period of a viral or infectious disease.
  • Cancer.
  • Allergic reaction to prescribed medications.

Opinions on this matter vary dramatically among young parents. Many consider this procedure outdated and ineffective.

But still, the majority note an improvement in the baby’s physical condition after the sessions (children hold their heads better, become more active, muscle tone “goes away,” etc.).

Of course, the most pronounced positive results using electrophoresis can be achieved by combining it with a general massage of the baby. In most cases, this is the regimen that is prescribed by the doctor.

To do this procedure or not #8212; This is the choice of young parents. But remember that now the health of this small and defenseless man is in your hands.

  • For moms
  • Health
  • Treatment
  • Nutrition
  • Development
  • Care
  • Medicines

The electrophoresis procedure is considered safe and effective. In addition, it does not cause pain. For some conditions, young children are prescribed electrophoresis with aminophylline. Electrophoresis is chosen as the method of exposure, as this minimizes the likelihood of side effects.

Euphyllin is part of the xanthine group. Its main active ingredient is theophylline.

To carry out the electrophoresis procedure, 5 ml ampoules of aminophylline are used.

Infants, as a rule, are prescribed aminophylline in case of circulatory insufficiency in the brain, to improve renal blood flow, with decreased or increased muscle tone, and various congestion.

    joint dysplasia; increased intracranial pressure; insufficient cerebral circulation; hypertonicity or hypotonicity of muscles.

How is the procedure performed?

Electrophoresis sessions are carried out in a special room where couches and the necessary equipment are installed.

No special preparation of the baby for the procedure is required, but it is best to choose a time for the session when the baby is not hungry, but more than 40 minutes have passed since the last feeding, as there is a risk of regurgitation.

The child is placed on his back, and electrodes covered with napkins soaked in aminophylline solution are applied to the neck and shoulder blades. For better fixation, the nurse swaddles the baby's upper body.

On average, the duration of a session is 5-12 minutes . The time limit depends on the age of the baby and the doctor’s prescriptions.

The child should lie so that the applied electrodes do not “move” from the affected areas. To do this, gently hold the baby in the places where the electrodes are attached and make sure that he does not knock them over with his hands.

Treatment method

To carry out physiotherapy, use a 2% solution of aminophylline. It must be prepared immediately before use. It should be stored for no more than a day. Otherwise, the drug may lose its medicinal properties or noticeably reduce them.

Gauze or a cloth pad is placed on the body in the affected area, and a small piece of filter paper is soaked in the drug solution immediately after its preparation. It is placed on the area of ​​greatest pain or as close to it as possible. If the pathology is localized in the head area, electrophoresis in the collar area is indicated. An electrode is placed on top of the medication, through which current is applied to the patient’s skin.

One session for an adult lasts about 30 minutes; for children, the exposure time is 2-3 times less, depending on age and existing pathology. A total of 10 procedures are required to obtain the desired effect. The frequency of carrying out is 1 time in 2 days.

To do this, you should purchase a special mobile device that will generate electrical impulses. But the prescription of medications, the duration of procedures and their number must be carried out by a doctor. He will tell you in detail about the correct placement of electrodes on the body, select the current strength and amount of the drug, taking into account the individual characteristics of the patient.

Sometimes the patient is prescribed combined treatment with electrophoresis with Euphyllin and nicotinic acid. In this case, the procedure has a complex effect. The doctor determines what percentage of the drug should be in the solution. This technique can be used on several parts of the spinal column, depending on the location of the pathology: cervical, lumbar or sacral.

If the treatment is chosen correctly, noticeable results appear after the first two procedures. Doctors and patients note:

  • elimination of muscle spasm;
  • improved blood circulation;
  • reduction of signs of inflammation;
  • disappearance of edema;
  • reduction of pain;
  • relaxation of muscles with hypertonicity;
  • calming effect on the nervous system;
  • normalization of the hemostatic system;
  • stimulation of the synthesis of biologically active substances.

Before using the drug, you must read the instructions. Particular attention is paid to the expiration date of the medicine. It often shrinks after opening the package. Storing prepared solutions for electrophoresis is undesirable, since the properties of the active substance may change.


The skin of infants is characterized by immaturity, high absorption capacity and low resistance to electric current. Therefore, the current strength during the procedure for children under one year of age is 0.01–0.04 mA/cm2. The manipulation lasts 7–10 minutes, for children over one year old 15–20. The procedure is carried out after a doctor’s prescription. He selects the necessary drug, determines the duration of the session and course.

It is important to understand how the procedure is performed on a child. A napkin soaked in a medicinal solution is applied to the desired area of ​​the body. A metal plate is attached to it, through which an electric current passes. The solution is prepared immediately before manipulation using distilled water. If the active substance is not soluble in water, use alcohol or dimexide. The required concentration of the drug is determined by the doctor.

A plate is applied to the hip joints if they are inferior and have abnormal development. And if the baby has hypotonicity in the shoulder, a napkin with medicine and electrodes are placed on the neck. The child may become anxious and even scream during the procedure. Unpleasant sensations are associated with the coolness of the record, a wet napkin or a slight tingling sensation. After manipulation, the skin should be wiped dry, if necessary, lubricate the affected area with cream and keep warm.

What medications can be used?

During electrophoresis, the child is given various medications. Their choice depends on the disease that is being cured.

Medicines used include:

  1. Magnesia. This medicine effectively fights pathologies of the respiratory system.
  2. Eufillin. It contains theophylline and ethylenediamine. The action of the drug is aimed at increasing diuresis, activating the work of the heart muscle and respiratory center, and dilating blood vessels. Eufillin is able to increase blood circulation and destroy blood clots.
  3. Papaverine. The drug belongs to the group of antispasmodics and effectively relieves muscle spasms.
  4. A nicotinic acid. This product is a synthetic analogue of vitamin PP. It is used to improve carbohydrate metabolism, accelerate tissue healing and dilate blood vessels.
  5. Calcium. Indicated for paralysis and muscular dystrophy. In combination with vitamins C, the drug has a powerful anti-inflammatory and absorbable effect.
  6. Dibazol. The product is used to stimulate the spinal cord and strengthen the defenses of babies. It is widely used in the treatment of neurological pathologies and intestinal disorders. In addition, dibazol is effective for increased muscle tone. Proserine and bromine have similar actions.

During the Ratner procedure, children undergo electrophoresis with the simultaneous use of aminophylline and papaverine. This technique is intended to treat birth injuries, cerebral palsy, and blood flow disorders in the cervical spine.

Often, when conducting electrophoresis in children, nicotinic acid and aminophylline are used together. The procedure helps with impaired muscle tone, hydrocephalus and birth injuries.

Although the procedure is quite safe, there are peculiarities of using drugs in electrophoresis treatment. Most medications are often suitable for an adult; in childhood, some of them may be contraindicated.

The most common drug for this procedure is Eufillin. The percentage of active substance content in it is indicated in the prescription that your doctor writes to you. To treat infants, a two percent drug is often used. It has a short shelf life, only 10 days, so you should not buy the drug a month in advance, there will be no point in using it and you will have to buy it again.

Electrophoresis using Eufillin helps not only in treatment, but also as a disease prevention. There are a number of ailments for which Eufillin is used most often. This may include torticollis, hip dysplasia, problems with blood circulation in the cervical spine, and increased cranial pressure. Treatment with this remedy is also practiced for cerebral palsy, birth injuries and weak muscle tone of the child.

There is a drug called Dibazol, it is used quite often. And if with the help of Eufillin a wide variety of ailments are eliminated, then Dibazol affects the spinal cord, and accordingly, diseases associated with the functioning of the spinal cord are treated.

This drug is most often used to treat the tone of the limbs, for diseases of a neurological nature, for disorders that arose during childbirth and for spasms.

When treating with electrophoresis, Magnesia or Papaverine can be used; the drugs are prescribed by the attending physician depending on the disease.

Eufillin with papaverine

Papaverine is an antispasmodic agent. It is prescribed for pain caused by spasms of smooth muscles of various internal organs, as well as for vasodilation.

Electrophoresis with papaverine and aminophylline in infancy is used to treat:

  • birth injuries
  • torticollis – to improve blood circulation in the cervical spine
  • cerebral palsy
  • metabolic disorders

During the procedure, the Ratner technique is used: an electrode with aminophylline is applied to the cervical region, and with papaverine - on the ribs on the right side of the chest.

Papaverine is contraindicated in cases of sensitivity to it, glaucoma and liver failure.

Features of the use of aminophylline

Euphylline is a combination of theophylline with ethylenediamine. In pediatric practice, ampoules with a 2.4% drug solution with a capacity of 5 ml are used for electrophoresis.

The instructions contain information about the following basic properties of the product:

  • relieving bronchial muscle spasms
  • dilation of blood vessels in the heart, brain and kidneys due to relaxation of smooth muscle fibers
  • increased diuresis
  • preventing the accumulation of blood clots
  • stimulation of the respiratory center and cardiac activity

For children under one year of age, electrophoresis with aminophylline is prescribed for:

  • improves blood flow in the brain and kidneys
  • normalization of muscle condition with hypo- and hypertonicity
  • reducing intracranial pressure
  • pain relief and improvement of congestion in soft tissues
  • joint dysplasia and so on

The procedure cannot be performed if there are serious problems with the kidneys, heart and liver, as well as if you are intolerant to aminophylline. Side effects of the substance include headache, insomnia, tremor, decreased blood pressure, allergies and others. But when administered through the skin, negative reactions occur very rarely.

Typically, two electrodes are used simultaneously, with the help of which different organs are affected. For better fixation, the child is swaddled. The procedure lasts 6-15 minutes. This does not hurt the baby; he may only feel a slight tingling sensation. On average, 10 electrophoresis sessions are required.

Indications for the procedure for infants and children over one year old

Using the electrophoresis method, medications in liquid form are introduced into the child’s body, and the drugs go directly to the diseased organ. To do this, they use a minimal current discharge that is not capable of causing pain or harm to the baby’s health. The whole point of the procedure is that metal plates are attached to a certain area of ​​the body, through which an electric current is supplied, which in turn facilitates the penetration of the medicine into the body directly to the organ in need.

By and large, electrophoresis can be carried out at home. However, there is one big BUT: incorrect implementation of the procedure, non-compliance with the time of exposure to current, and violation of the dosage of the administered medication can lead to harmful consequences.

Therefore, the electrophoresis procedure at home should be carried out by a trained person in order to eliminate possible errors and make the procedure safe for the child. Especially when it comes to children under one year old.

For DTPS in children under one year of age, electrophoresis with paraffin and calcium, therapeutic massage and gymnastics are often prescribed as part of complex therapy. In some cases, if there are indications, dispersing mechanisms are prescribed (stirrups, Freik's pillow, plaster in serious cases and mainly for children over one year old).

Carrying out electrophoresis in children is not difficult. The manipulation consists of several stages:

  1. A napkin or piece of gauze is moistened with a solution of the drug, which is selected depending on the disease.
  2. The electrodes (plates) of the device intended for the procedure are wrapped in a cloth soaked in a therapeutic solution and applied to the desired organ (neck area, chest, lower back).
  3. The required impulse strength is set. Only after this the device is connected.
  4. Upon completion of these manipulations, the areas of the child’s skin to which the electrodes were applied are wiped with a dry cloth.

During the procedure, slight tingling of the skin is felt in places of contact with the plates wrapped in damp cloth, which can frighten a small patient. It is extremely important that a parent is present throughout the procedure. All metal objects (chain, cross, pendants, etc.) must be removed before the procedure to avoid burns.

Electrophoresis is a physiotherapeutic method during which medications are administered to the patient using current. The big advantage of this procedure is that there are no specific age restrictions; accordingly, the use of this method is permissible even for the treatment of infants.

The process of the drug entering the body is that the drug initially penetrates the skin, its concentration is in its upper layers. After this, the medicine moves and enters the lymph, and then with the blood flow is sent exactly to the place where it is necessary to provide treatment with this drug.

The almost complete absence of side effects makes the procedure quite popular. It is also worth noting that by using it, you can ensure long-lasting results. Depending on the disease, the age of the patient and the drugs that were administered, the effect of the procedure can last up to three weeks.

If we consider this procedure as a whole, regardless of age, then there are a large number of ailments for which electrophoresis is used in treatment. These may be diseases of the respiratory system, for example, asthma, pneumonia, bronchitis, pleurisy. Diseases that ENT specializes in are otitis media, rhinitis, sinusitis, pharyngitis.

The method is also actively used in the treatment of diseases of the nervous system: all kinds of neuralgia, neuritis, neuroses, migraines, insomnia, herniated intervertebral discs. The musculoskeletal system is treated - arthritis, osteochondrosis, osteoarthritis, fractures and dislocations. And a whole range of diseases of other systems and organs. In fact, electrophoresis is always used when necessary and there are no contraindications.

As for infants, this list is practically the same, only it is more aimed at the developmental features of the baby and includes characteristic diseases that children of this age suffer from. The following diseases may be indicated:

  • hyper- and hypotonicity of muscles;
  • pain syndrome;
  • cystitis;
  • problems with the musculoskeletal system (spondylodysplasia);
  • neuralgic diseases;
  • colitis;
  • stomatitis;
  • diathesis;
  • hepatitis;
  • birth injuries;
  • tonsillitis.

But this is not the entire list of diseases for which the use of electrophoresis is permissible when an infant is sick.

There may be a variety of reasons why parents do not bring their child to the clinic. There is a solution for such situations. The procedure can be performed at home. You can call a healthcare professional to your home or ask him to explain the nuances of the procedure and carry it out yourself. You should not experiment on your own child and, if you do not have the necessary skills, begin treatment on your own. If you have any questions, it is better to additionally consult with a specialist who knows the specifics of the procedure.

Electrophoresis with aminophylline has a local effect. The drug penetrates the skin with a stream of charged electrons. In this case, aminophylline accumulates in the upper layers of the skin, muscle and cartilage tissue. A prolonged effect is ensured, since the medicine remains in the tissues for more than a day.

The current has a local irritating effect, accelerates blood flow, and increases the susceptibility of tissues to the medication.

Electrophoresis prevents the spread of the drug throughout the body, which minimizes the likelihood of a negative effect of the drug on other organs. This is why a method of administering medication such as electrophoresis is chosen for infants.

Physiotherapy for babies: why and how to do electrophoresis on the neck?

Newborns and infants are weakened and susceptible to various diseases. Medication and hardware methods are used for treatment.

Sometimes the pediatrician recommends electrophoresis. This is a fairly effective procedure. It is important to know in what cases electrophoresis is performed for infants on the neck, when sessions are contraindicated.

Electrophoresis refers to the non-invasive administration of liquid drugs using a minimal electrical current. Pediatricians usually recommend this procedure for young children.

The advantages of electrophoresis for infants are as follows:

  • the systemic effect of synthetic components of drugs on the body is minimized. This reduces the likelihood of side effects;
  • medicinal components are delivered in active form to the lesion;
  • current has an immunostimulating effect on the body;
  • ease of manipulation;
  • The treatment is not as painful as with injection therapy.

Electrophoresis for a baby on the neck is indicated in the following cases:

  • curvature of the cervical spine as a result of congenital anomalies or injuries;
  • pain in the neck area;
  • neurological problems;
  • cerebral palsy;
  • hypotonicity or hypertonicity of the cervical muscles;
  • disorders of the musculoskeletal system;
  • inflammatory pathologies;
  • birth injury.

Electrophoresis is not recommended for newborns. It is better to start such treatment from 1-1.5 months of age.

Contraindications to electrotherapy

If the equipment is used correctly, and the dosage of medications is selected and observed, there will be no harm from electrophoresis. Before prescribing such treatment, the doctor must examine the baby and study his medical history in order to exclude the presence of contraindications.

It is not recommended to perform electrophoresis on the neck of a baby in the following cases:

  • bronchial asthma;
  • oncopathology;
  • damage to the epidermal integument in the area where the plates are applied;
  • the course of an acute inflammatory process;
  • renal failure;
  • purulent skin diseases, dermatitis;
  • heart failure;
  • individual intolerance to electric current;
  • hyperthermia;
  • the presence of benign neoplasms;
  • the child's tendency to bleed;
  • poor tolerability of the drugs used.

The decision on the advisability of the procedure is made by the doctor. Sometimes, with hemangioma, the pediatrician allows you to undergo a course of electrophoresis. But in this case, the baby’s condition must be carefully monitored during treatment. If the hemangioma enlarges or changes color, then electrotherapy is stopped.

How is the procedure done?

The essence of electrophoresis is that pads soaked in medicine are placed on a certain area of ​​the body, and metal plates are attached on top.

An electric current flows through the pads, which facilitates the penetration of medications into the body. After the session is completed, the plates are removed. The areas of the skin to which the electrodes were applied are wiped with a towel or dry cloth.

Various stationary and portable devices are used to carry out electrophoresis:

  • GR-2;
  • POTOK-1;
  • POTOK-01M;
  • MIT-EF2.

Conductor or vacuum tube devices allow you to adjust the current range, its frequency, and power.

Before starting electrotherapy, the doctor selects the therapy method, medications, duration of the procedure, frequency and number of sessions. The specialist determines the area of ​​influence and the placement of electrodes.

Most often, the plates are placed diagonally, longitudinally or transversely. Before the session begins, hydrophilic gauze or flannel pads are prepared.

Their size should exceed the size of the plate by a couple of centimeters.

For reliable fixation, use an elastic bandage. Before use, it is recommended to soak the pads for a while in saline solution at a temperature of 36-37 degrees.

The treatment regimen is developed taking into account the type, stage and severity of the disease, age and general health of the baby. Torticollis and postpartum injuries are usually treated with electrophoresis using the Ratner technique.

Before the session, the specialist prepares two solutions: Papaverine (1%) and Euphyllin (0.5%).

One hydrophilic pad is impregnated with Eufillin, a negative electrode is put on and placed on the neck along the spinal column. The second material is soaked in Papaverine, connected to the positive electrode and applied to the ribs of the right side.

Next, a current of 0.5-1 mA is applied. The session lasts about 10-15 minutes. Electrophoresis according to Ratner's method is done every other day. The course consists of 10-15 procedures. During the session, a slight tingling sensation occurs in the skin in areas of contact with the electrodes. This can cause fear in the child, provoke moodiness, and crying.

Some children try to rip off the electrodes. Therefore, parents are recommended to stay close to the baby during the procedure. Infants are very sensitive. It is important to select the optimal current strength for them so as not to cause harm.

Sessions can be conducted at home or in a hospital setting. All metal objects (cross, chain, pendant) should be removed before the procedure to avoid burns.

What medications are commonly used

Various types of medications are used to treat infants with electrophoresis. The choice of drug depends on the existing pathology and the severity of its course.

The following drugs are used:

  • Eufillin . Reduces vascular tone and improves blood circulation and drug delivery to the site of the disease. Eufillin activates the work of the respiratory center, myocardium, and increases diuresis. Doctors prescribe this drug for cerebral palsy, torticollis, and intracranial hypertension;
  • Dibazol . Activates the spinal cord, strengthens the immune system. Used to relieve hypertonicity of the lower and upper extremities. It also helps with neurological diseases, intestinal disorders and pathological conditions resulting from birth trauma;
  • Iodine . Used for skin pathologies and neurological disorders. It is also included in therapy for thyroid diseases;
  • Lidaza . Used for pathologies of the musculoskeletal system and organs of vision, keloid scars;
  • Magnesia . It has an antispasmodic and analgesic effect. Reduces the severity of inflammation. Magnesia is effective for pathologies of the respiratory system;
  • A nicotinic acid . It is a synthetic analogue of vitamin PP. Used to improve carbohydrate metabolism and dilate blood vessels. The drug also accelerates tissue regeneration;
  • Papaverine . Eliminates muscle spasms. In combination with Eufillin, it is used to normalize blood circulation, accelerate metabolic processes, and increase motor activity;
  • Calcium . Used for muscular dystrophy and paralysis. In combination with vitamin C, it has a pronounced anti-inflammatory and absorbable effect.

Electrophoresis is considered one of the safest procedures for treating children. Electrotherapy sessions rarely cause side effects or complications.

In weakened and sensitive babies, the following unwanted symptoms may appear:

  • skin irritation in the form of redness;
  • burn;
  • allergic reaction in the form of itching, burning, blisters, hyperemia, increased body temperature (more often observed in children of the first year of life);
  • loss of appetite, drowsiness, lethargy;
  • increased heart rate.

If adverse reactions occur, the session is stopped. The child is examined to identify the cause of poor tolerability of the procedure.

If unwanted symptoms are caused by medications, then the doctor selects other medications. If there is a negative reaction to the current, treatment is canceled.

To minimize the likelihood of developing side effects of neck electrophoresis, you should follow these recommendations:

  • contact experienced and competent specialists;
  • undergo the procedure in medical institutions equipped with modern equipment;
  • Before the session begins, examine the child;
  • follow the treatment plan suggested by the doctor.

on this topic

How to do electrophoresis yourself at home:

Thus, neck electrophoresis is used for various pathological conditions: torticollis, muscle hypo- or hypertonicity, postpartum injuries, etc. This is a fairly effective non-invasive method of delivering liquid drugs to the site of pathology.

Various drugs and their combinations are used to carry out the procedure. To take a course of electrophoresis, it is recommended to contact medical institutions that are equipped with high-quality equipment and employ experienced specialists.


Indications and positive aspects of the procedure

Like any medical intervention, this procedure has its own indications and contraindications, in the presence of which it is unacceptable to carry out this physical procedure.

Electrophoresis is contraindicated:

  • If the child has an increase in body temperature.
  • If there are tumors in the body.
  • For heart failure.
  • During acute inflammatory processes.
  • With a tendency to bleeding and any bleeding disorders.
  • For diathesis and dermatitis in a child.
  • If the skin is damaged in the places where the plates are attached.
  • If you have bronchial asthma.
  • If you are allergic to the medications used or have an individual intolerance to their components.

These contraindications are absolute and cannot be ignored.

Like any other medical procedure, this physiotherapy procedure has contraindications. These include:

  • elevated temperature;
  • tumors;
  • heart and kidney failure;
  • inflammation in the acute stage;
  • predisposition to bleeding;
  • blood clotting disorder;
  • bronchial asthma;
  • purulent skin diseases;
  • dermatitis.

The procedure is prohibited in case of individual intolerance to the effects of current and an allergy to the medications used. If there is damage to the skin at the sites where the electrodes are attached, electrophoresis is postponed until complete healing.

Due to its characteristics, this procedure is prescribed to children a little more often than drug treatment, but this does not mean that electrophoresis can be used for any disease. Both adults and children will have a number of contraindications in which the use of this type of treatment is not allowed.

If the child has an elevated body temperature, the procedure should be postponed. This also applies to the presence of purulent skin infection and skin dermatitis. It is strictly forbidden to treat a disease such as bronchial asthma during its exacerbation. Electrophoresis really helps eliminate this disease, but you need to know at what period of its course physical treatment can be used.

Electrophoresis should not be used in the treatment of heart and kidney failure. The development of neoplasms is also one of the contraindications. If you have impaired blood clotting or allergies, this procedure is not recommended. There is a contraindication that concerns, rather, the process itself, when electrophoresis cannot be used if you are intolerant of current discharges.

Despite the fact that the electrophoresis procedure can be considered safe, it is contraindicated in the following cases:

  • increased body temperature;
  • any inflammatory processes on the skin and skin diseases;
  • the presence of neoplasms;
  • disorders of cardiovascular activity (high blood pressure, arrhythmia).

Eufillin has a long list of side effects. It affects the central, cardiovascular, excretory and digestive systems, causing local reactions when used as injections. However, when treated with electrophoresis, side effects are extremely rare.

To the effect of electrophoresis, reactions such as skin redness and local allergic manifestations occur.

Some parents complain that after electrophoresis using aminophylline, infants experienced allergic reactions to the drug, increased excitability and sleep disturbances. Others note that after the course the child began to hold his head up, sit, and crawl.

    increased body temperature; any inflammatory processes on the skin and skin diseases; the presence of neoplasms; disorders of cardiovascular activity (high blood pressure, arrhythmia).

The procedure is not performed if you are allergic to the drug used. If this point becomes clear after the prescription, and treatment is vital, the medicine is replaced with its analogue with the same effect. Instead of Eufillin, in the presence of spasms, papaverine or magnesia is used.

Most contraindications to the procedure are relative. Treatment can be carried out after they are eliminated. Such situations include:

  • violation of the integrity of the epidermis at the site of application of the electrode;
  • dermatological pathologies in the acute period;
  • arrhythmias of any kind;
  • neoplasms of various types (malignant and benign);
  • fever of any etiology;
  • arterial hypertension;
  • heart failure;
  • negative reactions of the body to the action of electric current.

The presence of contraindications to treatment is clarified by the doctor before prescribing the procedure. If therapy cannot be postponed until the pathology is eliminated, other methods of influence are selected. In some cases, drugs are replaced with analogues so as not to cause a negative reaction in the patient.


Using electrophoresis for infants, it is possible to avoid injections, which are associated with severe pain, and also reduce complications from oral medication. To achieve a positive effect, the procedure must be carried out systematically and the course of treatment must be repeated periodically. But no matter how effective the manipulation is, it has contraindications:

  • skin diseases - redness, rashes, spots;
  • injuries and damage to the skin at the site of the required electric shock;
  • acute inflammatory and infectious process, fever;
  • exacerbation of bronchial asthma;
  • low blood clotting;
  • suspected allergy to the drug used;
  • heart disease and the presence of a pacemaker.

A categorical contraindication to electrophoresis is tumors, regardless of their size and location.

Electrophoresis is an effective procedure. But it is not practiced as an independent treatment. Used in combination with medications, massage and gymnastics. It is important that it is prescribed and supervised by a physiotherapist; he decides individually whether it is possible to recommend electric shock in a particular case. In case of contraindications, an alternative method of physiotherapy can be selected.

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